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Is America right to fear Huawei? | The Economist

The Economist
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America worries that Huawei, China's telecoms giant, spies on behalf of its government and threatens Western interests. Such concerns are not just about America's security, but also its insecurity. Read more here: econ.st/2O9kgyc
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Rarely does a country go to war with a private company. But America has done just that. But is this really about Huawei or is it something bigger than that? And what is the threat?
What is this war really about and why is Huawei in the middle of it?
Founded in China in 1987 Huawei is now the world’s largest maker of telecoms equipment with revenues exceeding $103bn. When you think about Huawei you might think about the handset. That makes sense, since it sold 200m of them in 2018 alone. But close to half of its revenue comes from selling network equipment. In fact, since 2014 it’s outgrown all its competitors reaching over 3bn people.
This is how networks function - Your phone sends a signal to a nearby tower using radio waves, voice and data are passed over an internal network run by your phone company, which connects your handset to other phone users and the wider internet. In other words, these antennas connect us all. But now, there’s a new kind of network. Although 5G is massively overhyped, it is coming and Huawei is a leading force in this innovation. But though this computerised, smart future opens up new possibilities it comes with a health warning. Because if entire networks are vulnerable this opens the door to countries spying on one another.
In a rare interview with The Economist Ren Zhengfei, Huawei’s founder and CEO, talked about the political storm surrounding his company. As the argument rages over the security of Huawei’s products the effects can be seen in some unexpected places. Joe Franell runs Eastern Oregon Telecom, a small network serving the people of this rural area. The problem is that the network here relies on Huawei technology.
It’s a similar story around the world Mobile-phone users in developing countries have benefited from Huawei’s attractive deals. But how is Huawei undercutting its competitors?
Whether or how Huawei is connected to and subsidised by the Chinese government is unclear. But what is clear is this - China is the kind of country where if the party says jump all you can say is, well how high? Loyalty to the state is actually enshrined in China’s intelligence law
Article 7, a 2017 addition, states that “Any organisation or citizen shall support, assist and co-operate with the state intelligence work.” Critics say this law means that when you buy Huawei equipment you may be exposing yourself to surveillance by the Chinese intelligence services. And this makes governments very uncomfortable.
The fear is that Huawei will leave backdoor vulnerabilities in its networks that would provide China with an opportunity to spy on its competitors and enemies. To counter this mistrust, Huawei has shared its code and allowed the likes of Britain’s National Cyber Security Centre
to scan it for backdoors. So, if there’s no solid security threat why is America making an enemy out of Huawei?
It seems as though the concern over Huawei is not only about America’s security but also its insecurity. And it’s causing collateral damage at home as well as abroad. In May 2019 the Trump administration issued an executive order which not only forbade American companies from supplying Huawei with components, but restricted domestic networks from using its equipment. It’s a move that feels like an own goal to Americans like Joe Franell.
And there’s another uncomfortable truth that America can’t ignore. Smartphone technology relies on a truly global supply chain. Take an average smartphone. Some contain components from more than 200 international suppliers. Screens might be made by Samsung in South Korea. The camera lens engineered in Germany. The chip could be designed by a California-based company and manufactured in Taiwan. The battery could come from Japan and the audio chip from China. But increasingly, hostility and lack of trust threaten to fracture these supply chains.
America's concerns about Huawei are understandable. But the risks can be managed by limiting the use of Huawei equipment to less sensitive parts of 5G networks. That way it is possible to benefit from the low cost of Huawei’s equipment while minimising security concerns.
Billions of people around the world have benefited from increased connectivity made possible by global standards and global supply chains. But if political mistrust divides the telecoms industry into rival camps
everybody stands to lose
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2019/11/12

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تعليقات 3 437
Srdjan S
Srdjan S أيام قبل
We already cant trust Google, Facebook, Instagram because you are stealing and using our private information. But you can trust because you can control these brands and Huawei you cant control and that is why you fear Huawei!!!
Finesse Finesse
Finesse Finesse أيام قبل
Why would I want everything connected to the internet? Door locks? Washing machine? Car?... WHY? WHAT PURPOSE DOES THIS SERVE? DOES ANYONE EVEN KNOW?
강주효
강주효 2 أيام قبل
57 ok
강주효
강주효 2 أيام قبل
계좌이체 ㅡok
강주효
강주효 2 أيام قبل
30eu no entry ok
Tae's Jagi
Tae's Jagi 2 أيام قبل
did apple just jealous because huawei company is more powerful and quick to be rich? malaysia stan huawei...
T L
T L 2 أيام قبل
The core fear is around the idea of free market, Chinese companies are believed to be willing to corporate with their government, while the mainstream ideology in the west believes that companies should operate 100% independently. They can't compete with the Chinese companies allegedly heavily supported by their government, and at the same time the western companies are not willing to follow their governments orders 100%. This rises the competition between companies to competition between different governing systems.
Richard King
Richard King 2 أيام قبل
Speak with your dollars America
Richard King
Richard King 2 أيام قبل
Boycott China
Phongy 401
Phongy 401 2 أيام قبل
From the video , we could see Americans are Unproductive, unprofessionalism in the past in the Americans business have make themselves weak .... America products are too expensive .
Hamaid Ahmed
Hamaid Ahmed 4 أيام قبل
I wonder what Super Power USA has if it can't even protect itself from Chinese infiltration .. Shambles.. And moreover if your tech industries can't compete with the best there is .. you need to work with them to develop on top of it.. Just like your Rotten Apples...
Ali's ASMR
Ali's ASMR 5 أيام قبل
And then you realise it's about Florida Man
Gary K
Gary K 5 أيام قبل
Some commenters, including the orange dude, are laughable due to their bias against Chinese.
Deen B
Deen B 5 أيام قبل
Push THEM Hard and Harder, China and Russia, Until they become One NATION 😂
mark heyne
mark heyne 6 أيام قبل
Lots of Chinese in Newcastle Apple store today! An assistant told me the Chinese had Huawei phones mostly, and noticed the cameras do not turn off. In fact a notice appears to remind you if the camera is obscured. I was told those phones could be rendered inoperative if the camera was disabled. Make of that what you will!
Glenn Daniel
Glenn Daniel 6 أيام قبل
Imagine a world where cooperation overruled competition...all these problems would just disappear,
Obi Dark
Obi Dark 9 أيام قبل
Google doesn't even have a single top app or a game. Everything great like pubg, fortnite , heroes mobile and literally anything in top 300 is Chinese programming. Once they leave Google will be left with Flappy birds
Vio W
Vio W 10 أيام قبل
Countries brainwash their people by different means and ways, but with the same ends.
Soon Kean Hoong
Soon Kean Hoong 11 أيام قبل
The US politicize Huawei simply because it has lost in this area. Don't forget till today the US is unable to produce 5G !
DDH HHD
DDH HHD 11 أيام قبل
westners always have a misunderstanding, HUAWEI is cheaper not because of governmental subsidies... American products even European products they also have subsidies why is still so much more expensive than Chinese products !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
余思宏
余思宏 11 أيام قبل
Seriously, as a citizen of China, I do not think I am monitored. And actually, I think every country in this world is monitoring other countries. I agree with Zhengfei Ren. It is probably wrong to politicize this technology. If you do not allow the development of new technology controlled by specific companies or people just because of the uncertain security concern, the overall development of human civilization may be slowed down by the effects of this incident. It is unfair and unreasonable to let this happen.
vilily Zhang
vilily Zhang 11 أيام قبل
US spy the world. They fear they cannot spy the word if the world use Huawei' 5G
Mingze Li
Mingze Li 12 أيام قبل
James Lewis, he looks like Belarus president Lukashenko
Don Cote
Don Cote 13 أيام قبل
Never trust a Communist country. NEVER!!!
chebell
chebell 13 أيام قبل
美国人太不了解中国了。在中国,收到补贴的企业不可能做大做强,比如电动汽车,国有企业
Mila Galaxy
Mila Galaxy 13 أيام قبل
The real question is "why do you think china wants to spy?" Why are the Chinese always misunderstood? Trump needs to understand although he is president he needs to think how his enemies will think of him before doing anything major.
Bill Stones
Bill Stones 13 أيام قبل
I won't believe a word from any US officials. What they are afraid is China's move ahead of US in economy, and technologies in particular. Huawei happened to be a symbol of China's tech advance, so they will do anything to discredit it. US is not ready to be the #2, because it will indicate US system may not be that great, as the politicians have been bragging out constantly. But now China is beating US on 5G, mainly because of Huawei.
Abby Alphonse
Abby Alphonse 14 أيام قبل
Despite everything, I would say that Huawei in itself is not the threat. The chinese government is. Perhaps they aren't a puppet at the moment, but they could be.
radioactivsmurf
radioactivsmurf 14 أيام قبل
Whats the big deal? If America is concerned about security risks then they should do their own 5g. Why all the commotion? Every country should their own networks. And America should not need to force AR-vids, Google, Microsoft onto other countries. Other countries have the right to say NO and develop their own software.
Nala!
Nala! 14 أيام قبل
CIA and NSA couldn’t spy on Huawei devices.
Si Filey
Si Filey 14 أيام قبل
US Microsoft, Google, Facebook, Apple, Amazon infiltrated global networks with its code, collected and profiled Billions of people all over the world. China - "Huawei enters American market" USA - "Security threat!" The West Excersising It's Oppressive Colonial Powers. Evil Western Colonialism Oppression Still Exists And We All Still Suffer. They've been destroying countries forever. Dividing Nations and Atrocities. Malcolm X - *How the White Man Taught You How To Hate Yourself and Your People and your Culture*
Barry Tsao
Barry Tsao 14 أيام قبل
Top ten reasons why US should not use Huawei's 5G technology: 1. Huawei stole technologies that US will definitely invent in a decade; 2. We can no longer listen to German Councilor's private conversation; 3. We will never able to enlist MR. Putin's help for general election campaign; 4. It will be hard to eavesdrop any private citizen; 5. Apple is not yet ready for 5G; 6. Google map may show where is President's limo; 7. Need to make our Chip's price as expensive as soybeans; 8. We need to spend money develop our landline 5G; 9. 5G may lead to swine flu; 10. Our president do not need 5G to tweet.
Pedro Figueiredo
Pedro Figueiredo 15 أيام قبل
🤫 do not repeat this! But I think Trump doesn't like to loose or to be in second place, I think he isn't ready to loose the leading position in spying science. Or, he might be negotiating to US allies not to buy china's 5G technology, he's telling them to wait until US is ready to sell their own 5G technology, this way Trump won't loose the first place in spying the world.
Mario Dixon
Mario Dixon 15 أيام قبل
Thas B $$T US is the same they spy on every citycen in any countrie and in US also
Alex
Alex 18 أيام قبل
Huawei is an arm of the Chinese Government
Truth Finder
Truth Finder 19 أيام قبل
I think it’s time for 𝐀𝐬𝐢𝐚𝐧 race take over the world
Truth Finder
Truth Finder 19 أيام قبل
Only if government control everything will be cheaper
Dylan Goh
Dylan Goh 20 أيام قبل
while US worry about Huawei or China spy on them, meanwhile they send spy going out everywhere to spy on others. lol.. afraid of karma?
Peach White
Peach White 21 أيام قبل
Is this history?
Saber Cat
Saber Cat 21 أيام قبل
Makes me want to buy a Huawei phone
bikki adhikari
bikki adhikari 22 أيام قبل
America is no more America.
Henrik Vendelbo
Henrik Vendelbo 22 أيام قبل
When will the Economist produce technology commentary that digs deeper than obvious balanced views of the tradeoffs available given general information? You should have the resources to dig deeper. It seems the only things journalists learn to understand are politics, economy and football...
ramdor dator
ramdor dator 23 أيام قبل
china is economic threat for america this is a kind of war to invade america
ABRAMORO REUEL
ABRAMORO REUEL 23 أيام قبل
How is that different in the WWWest.
Dragon Seven
Dragon Seven 23 أيام قبل
Are you telling me the American Government doesn't want to be spied on? 5G is a 500 billion dollar industry for the first to grab and that comes with multilevel contracts. It's all about the money folks.
Phenomenal One!
Phenomenal One! 23 أيام قبل
Well I have a Huawei as well and I'm using it rn so noice
james meep
james meep 23 أيام قبل
who is in the right side then? or maybe its not even exist
Balabala Biubiu
Balabala Biubiu 23 أيام قبل
when Apple come in China,we loved it very much.and government also don't control it,just some foundation…but great freedom US……
Alejandra
Alejandra 23 أيام قبل
Your loss america mexico, central and south america have already begun using them. And border cities are starting to see more locals using them.
Wizay Bijay
Wizay Bijay 23 أيام قبل
If anything better than american it's security threat declared by USA only. Why so??? only american are living human being ....
paintballer13377
paintballer13377 22 أيام قبل
I hope you never have to live around Chinese or koreans. Its aweful.
romithom Te
romithom Te 24 أيام قبل
再建輝煌的漢帶 再造美丽的唐路
Michael Babicean
Michael Babicean 24 أيام قبل
nsa? swoden?
Martin Holfmann
Martin Holfmann 24 أيام قبل
In China, all companies have to listhen to the goverment, can not imaging the company in China can say no to the CCP.
Bugatti Boss
Bugatti Boss 20 أيام قبل
Neither can any technology deny aiding the CIA/NSA in America
Ming Li
Ming Li 23 أيام قبل
SAME IN US
leonil7
leonil7 24 أيام قبل
huawei is the chinese communist party.
Benjamin Wang
Benjamin Wang 24 أيام قبل
nothing truly valuable.
David Han
David Han 24 أيام قبل
US is always spy others for many many years.
din iwayan
din iwayan 24 أيام قبل
America is america
Harvey An-Nasir Salah ad-Din Royce
The cat's out the bag. We already know about China's concentration camps. We know about their South China sea artificial Island expansion. China is a threat to the world peace we've all enjoyed and took for granted since the USA became world leader. Wish to change that arrangement at your peril.
M T
M T 25 أيام قبل
It’s difficult to trust China. China lies. It’s built into the culture to be the best and save face no matter the means. Look at the South China sea building military bases when they said they will not. The CCP Incringing on the freedoms promised to HK after the 97 hand over from Great Britain. Promises are always broken worth eh Chinese
wayne49s
wayne49s 23 أيام قبل
You can't trust Trump from 1 tweet to another. You're just biased.
Robinson Kodiyan
Robinson Kodiyan 25 أيام قبل
I was able to buy a phone because of huawei
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